Distributed Transaction Coordinator (MSDTC) Service Defaults in Windows XP

Coordinates transactions that span multiple resource managers, such as databases, message queues, and file systems. If this service is stopped, these transactions will not occur. If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.

Default Settings

Startup type:Manual
Display name:Distributed Transaction Coordinator
Service name:MSDTC
Service type:own
Error control:normal
Group:MS Transactions
Object:NT AUTHORITY\NetworkService
Registry key:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\MSDTC

Default Behavior

Distributed Transaction Coordinator is a Win32 service. In Windows XP it won't start until the current user starts it. When the Distributed Transaction Coordinator service is started, it is running as NT AUTHORITY\NetworkService in its own process of msdtc.exe. If the Distributed Transaction Coordinator fails to start, the technical information about the error is added to the Event Log. Windows XP startup should proceed, but a message box should be displayed informing the user that the MSDTC service has failed to start.


Distributed Transaction Coordinator depends on the following system components:

Restore Default Startup Configuration of Distributed Transaction Coordinator

Before you begin doing this, make sure that all the services on which Distributed Transaction Coordinator depends are configured by default and function properly. See the list of dependencies above.

1. Run the Command Prompt.

2. Copy the command below, paste it into the command window and press ENTER:

sc config MSDTC start= demand

3. Close the command window and restart the computer.

The MSDTC service is using the msdtc.exe file that is located in the C:\Windows\system32 directory. If the file is removed or corrupted, read this article to restore its original version from Windows XP installation media.